Boston Personal Injury Attorneys
Boston Personal Injury Lawyers Click here to read about our attorneys Click here to see our recent results Click here to read what our clients are saying about us Contact us today
View our recent victories of cases like yours Have you been injured? Click here to learn what to do next If we don't win, we don't charge Why Choose Turco Legal?
Personal Injury
Car Accident
Medical Malpractice
Slip and Falls
Dog Bites
Premises Liability
Food Poisoning
Wrongful Death
Train Accidents
Product Liability

Birth injury

A birth injury is when a baby suffers trauma during the birth process. Birth injuries occur for various reasons: the size of the baby, prematurity, the size and shape of the mother's pelvis, complicated birth process, and prolonged labor. A study conducted by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in 2006 reported 2,073,368 births that involved a significant birth injury. The CDC defines significant injury to include skeletal fractures, soft tissue/solid organ hemorrhage and peripheral nerve damage. Below are the most commoninjuries that occur.

  • Bone Fractures – Bones often get damaged during a complicated delivery process. The most common bone fractures are those of the clavicle. The symptom of a fracture is pain at the fracture site and rarely is there a physical deformity. Treatment is usually immobilization of the bone, or in some cases, the bone may heal on its own. The femur is also a common bone fracture in babies. It occurs when the leg is twisted during delivery. The treatment for a femur fracture is a Pavlik harness.
  • Brachial Plexus Injuries (BPI) – BPI involves damage to the bundle of nerves that go from the upper spine under the clavicle through the neck to the hand. The BPI is damaged when the baby's head is pulled in one direction and the arm is pulled in the opposite direction. Damage can range from mild to severe and temporary to permanent. The symptom of BPI is weakness in one arm. Most nerves will heal automatically over time.
  • Caput Succedaneum – Caput succedaneum is when part of the scalp is discolored or bruised. This happens from excessive pressure during delivery. There is no treatment for this and the baby will heal naturally.
  • Perinatal Asphyxia – Perinatal asphyxia happens if a baby does not get enough oxygen because of insufficient blood flow to the baby, or if there is an oxygen deficiency in the blood. The symptoms are pale complexion, seizures, coma, shock and labored breathing. The symptoms can go away or may cause permanent brain damage.
  • Cephalohematoma – Cephalohematoma is when there is a group of blood vessels below the skull bone. There is no treatment for this and the baby will heal naturally.
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage – Subconjunctival hemorrhage is when a blood vessel bursts in the baby's eye from pressure during birth. The symptom is a red spot on the eye. No treatment is necessary and the baby will heal naturally.
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage/Subarachnoid Hemorrhage – This injury is when blood vessels in the brain burst or leak. It can result from physical trauma during birth. Depending on the type and extent of the hemorrhage, surgery may be necessary.
  • Facial Paralysis – If a facial nerve is damaged during birth, the paralysis can be temporary or permanent. Symptoms are lack of control of facial muscles. No treatment is necessary, and the baby will usually heal naturally.
  • Cerebral Palsy – Cerebral palsy is a lack of motor skill development resulting from brain damage. The brain damage can occur during pregnancy or up to the age of three. The symptoms are muscle spasms, weak muscles, lack of motor skill development, impaired movement: exaggerated reflexes, floppiness, rigid limbs, abnormal posture, involuntary movements, difficulty swallowing eye and muscle imbalance, reduced range of motion, and unsteady walking. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but treatments include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, water therapy, and medications to control seizures, relax muscles spasms, and alleviate pain.
  • Spinal Cord Injuries – Injuries to the spine are the result of nerve and spinal cord damage, a meningel tear or the use of forceps. These injuries are severe and often require surgery. Damage to the spinal cord can cause paralysis and brain damage.
  • Bruising/Forceps marks – The use of forceps during birth can bruise a baby on the head and face. No treatment is necessary and the baby will heal naturally.
Categories: child injury, Birth injury

The information on this website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as legal advice for any individual case or situation. This information is not intended to create, and receipt or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship.

Phone: (866) 995-6663
Address: 15 Court Square, Suite 800, Boston, MA 02108